What are the Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis? Find out in this Article

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. It attacks and damages the protective myelin sheath around the nerve fibers, and causes difficulties in transmitting the neuro signals from the brain and to the rest of the body. Consequently, the results in a wide range of symptoms may be differ from one person to another and depending on the severity and form of MS.

Forms of Multiple Sclerosis

MS progression is usually under the four following forms:

  • Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS).
    This form is one of the early forms of MS, wherein the neurological symptoms occur due to the infection and the myelin layer damage. Meanwhile, the symptoms may progress as MS progresses into another form, and they may stay the same.
  • Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS).
    In this form, one will have exacerbations (attacks, flare-ups), and then followed by remissions. In other words, after that MS patients will suffer from severe symptoms and also, they will go through a symptom-free period. The symptoms may be new, or may be escalations from existing symptoms, moreover, this can last for months or even years, with or without stimulants such as fatigue and infections, for instance.
  • Primary-Progressive MS (PPMS).
    This form is the result of the gradual progression of the previous form. The symptoms of this form of MS escalate after going through a period free of symptoms. At times, the symptoms may escalate and the total opposite at others. Nevertheless, the disease will progress gradually. Furthermore, it will be accompanied by sudden exacerbations.
  • Secondary-Progressive MS (SPMS).
    In this form, the disease will progress gradually, and as the MS patient goes through periods of exacerbations and remissions, the patient’s condition will deteriorate noticeably, and as a result, some disability may occur during this period.

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

The Primary and Most Common Symptoms of MS are:

  • Weakness or tremors in the arms and legs.
  • Tingling or numbness in one limb or more, or in one side of the face.
  • Blurry visions, partial vision loss, vision change, or pain in the eyes.

Other Common Symptoms include:

  • Fatigue.
    Exhaustion and fatigue are common symptoms, and they have several types:
    • Inability to cope with MS.
    • Fatigue related to energy.
    • Depression.
    • Laziness.
    Fatigue related to MS usually gets worse afternoon.
  • Bladder and bowel weakness.
    Bladder and bowel function disorders may be constant or intermittent.
    The biggest concern is for the MS patient to have to wake up at night and use the restroom. MS patients may also suffer from constipation and lose control of the bladder function.
  • Constant Weakness.
    Constant fatigue can be related to the escalation of MS, and can be a persistent problem.
  • Thinking changes
    Thinking changes for people with Multiple Sclerosis are evident and highly accurate. They may include lack of attention, memory loss, difficulty thinking, and inability to solve problems.
  • Acute and Chronic Pains.
    The pains people with MS feel range between severe and chronic.
  • Muscle Spasms.
    These spasms impact the mobility and comfortability of people with MS, and they are painful stiffness or cramps.
  • Depression.
    Depression and psychological disorders are common symptoms for people with Multiple Sclerosis. Wherein studies proved that approximately 50% of people with MS suffer from depression.
    We have herein answered the question, entirely and inclusively.

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