Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder (a disorder of the central nervous system) due to an acute deficiency of dopamine-production in brain cells. Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter in the brain. It affects psychological state, sexual arousal and body movement. Low Dopamine Levels cause depression and inability to control muscle movement of the body and makes muscles stiff and trembling which negatively affects the fluency of speech in patients. Parkinson’s disease typically begins relatively late in life, around the age of 60 on average, and progresses slowly over time. Also, men are more likely to develop Parkinson’s disease than women.
Causes for Parkinson’s disease
The cause for Parkinson’s disease is still unknown; however, several factors appear to play a role, including:
- Exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors such as pesticides and herbicide.
- as well as the accumulation of toxins in the body and weak immunity.
- Tremor or Shaking: tremor of the hands, arms, legs, jaw and face at rest or when using the pen or a spoon.
- Muscle rigidity: rigidity or stiffness in the back of neck which can be companied with severe pain that restricts movement.
- Bradykinesia: Slowness in movement that makes simple tasks difficult and time-consuming (manifested by the inability to button a shirt, cut meat, etc.) the patient’s steps may become shorter, and he might have to drag his feet when he walks because it becomes difficult to move.
- Imbalance: Parkinson’s patient may suffer from imbalance and impairment of posture.
- Rigidity or stiffness of the limbs: in some case of progressed Parkinson’s, the patient spasms while walking and cannot move.
- Hunchbacked posture.
- Loss of automatic movements. With the progression of Parkinson’s the patients starts to look artificial while speaking or smiling. He also loses automatic blinking and the eye stays open with a frozen look.
- Speech problems. Parkinson’s patients have difficulty pronouncing some letters and a difficulty in speaking in general. A patient may constantly repeat some words and may skip some letters while speaking.
- Partial Memory loss and mental confusion.