Multiple Sclerosis in Women- The Risk Factors

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that impacts the brain and the spinal cord of the central nervous system. Women are more susceptible to MS than men, wherein women are three times more at risk of getting MS.
Multiple sclerosis can cause women-related symptoms. However, men and women usually have the same symptoms.

In this article hereunder, we will tackle the risk factors for Multiple sclerosis in women.

Factors that Impact MS Symptoms in Women

The risk factors for MS in women are mainly related to hormone levels. Some researchers believe that testosterone level decline might be a reason. Other researchers believe that female hormones fluctuations might be a factor.
More research are needed in order to determine the real reasons for these differences.
The risk factors for Multiple sclerosis in women include the following:

  • Menstrual cycle disorders:
    Studies proved that the symptoms increase for some women during the menstrual cycle. This might be due to estrogen level decline during that time. The symptoms the worsened for the women who participated in the study include weakness, imbalance, depression, and fatigue.
  • Symptoms related to pregnancy:
    Studies found that Multiple sclerosis does not impact fertility. Meaning that MS would not prevent women from getting pregnant and giving birth to a healthy child. For most women, the symptoms of MS stabilize or improve during pregnancy, especially in the third and second thirds. Therefore, it is common for the symptoms to come back after giving birth.
  • Menopause:Some research found that MS symptoms worsen after menopause for some women. Similar to the menstrual cycle symptoms, the reason is due to estrogen level decline because of menopause.
    Studies revealed that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) helps alleviate these symptoms for women after menopause.
    It is worth noting that hormone replacement therapy increases the risk of breast cancer, heart diseases, and strokes. Therefore, one must consult a specialized doctor before undergoing HRT.
    Herein, are the risk factors that increase the severity of Multiple sclerosis symptoms in women.

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