When the heart beats, it pumps blood to the body to give it the energy and oxygen it needs. As the blood moves, it pushes against the sides of blood vessels. The strength of this pushing is the blood pressure. Blood pressure in the vessels must be balanced in order to prevent congestion and/or changes in artery walls (thickening or tightening).
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury and is composed of the measurement of systolic pressure (the high value) between cardiac activity and arterial resistance) which ranges between 90-140 and diastolic pressure (low value) which is measured when the muscles of the heart relax and express the vascular pressure after the systolic phase) which ranges between 60-90. Usually high blood pressure is a blood pressure reading above 140 mmHg systolic (millimeters of mercury).
Hypertension can appear temporarily due to excitement, anger, or physical activity. However, high blood pressure that continues for a long time may cause long-term complications such as cardiovascular disease, heart attack, stroke, Kidney diseases, and diabetes. Hypertension is a major health problem worldwide and is called the “the silent killer” because it does not show any symptoms or warning signs; Therefore, many people with hypertension do not even know they have it.
There are Two Types of Hypertension
- Primary hypertension which is present in most cases (more than 90% of cases) where the causes are often unknown.
- Secondary hypertension which is considered a secondary problem to kidney disease. Plus, adrenal gland disorders, use of steroid hormones, and more.
The Potential Causes for Hypertension
- Lack of physical activity.
- Excessive consumption of salt.
- Stress and also anxiety.
- Certain diseases such as: kidney disease, diabetes and thyroid gland disease (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism).
- Excessive consumption of alcohol.
- Some medications such as birth control pills or over-the-counter medicines.
- Hereditary: Family history of hypertension.
- Pregnancy (eclampsia).
- Unhealthy diet.
- Toxicity of heavy metals.
- Also age.
- Frequent headaches.
- Dizziness is a common symptoms of high blood pressure.
- Unexplained sweating.
- Blurry vision.
- Red cheeks.
- Bleeding nose.
- Also shortness of breath.